French Art Deco sculpture by Samuel LIPCHYTZ (1880-1943), France, 1920s. Dancer. Cold painted spelter and marble. Width : 13.9"(35.2cm), Height : 10.4"(26.5cm), Depth : 5.2"(13.2cm). Marked "France" on the back (see photo). Condition : Very good !
Samuel Lipchytz is a sculptor born in 1880 in the Polish provinces of the Russian Empire. He finished his training in Paris, the city in which he settled permanently. It belongs to the School of Jewish-Russian Painters in Paris, which brings together artists from Imperial Russia who went into exile in the French capital at the beginning of the 20th century.
He mainly produces sculptures in the Art Deco style. Most of his works come from the 1920s, when the artistic movement was booming. They are very reminiscent of certain sculptures by Demetre Chiparus. Indeed, those of Samuel Lipchytz also represent young dancers in movement, which energizes the volume. They also have a fine smile on their lips which exudes a great joy of life. In addition, they are often dressed in oriental clothes. Sometimes he depicts them naked as in Tänzerin, a bronze with dark green patina from the 1920s.
Like Demetre Chiparus, he is known for his ivory carvings. Some of Lipchytz's works are in patinated bronze. Others are made of exotic wood. The sculptor often adds different materials to his volumes, which energizes and colors them. Such is the case in the Serpent Dancer, a sculpture in gilded bronze and ivory from the years 1925-1930. The dancers rest on a plinth, mainly in marble. His sculptures are also marked by their average size: they are around 20 to 50 centimeters in height. Samuel Lipchytz is one of the many artists who did not sign all of their works.
Yet Samuel Lipchytz does not stop at the design of sculptures. Indeed, he makes some Art Deco style furniture. Like his sculptures, they are made of various materials, including ivory. This is the case of the tropical wood pedestal table with ivory marquetry, from the collection of the Morice Lipsi museum.
Tragically, World War II forces Lipchytz to stop his work. He was deported to the Auschwitz camp, where he died in 1943